Round 3, July 2017.                                                                                                     العربية


Fath al-Sham

(Formerly Jabhat al-Nusra)

Amount of influence in the life of Syria

       Lowest rating: 1 of 5

       Highest rating: 4 of 5

       Average rating ( 8 assessments): 2.6 of 5

Commitment to inclusive nationalism for Syria

      Core : 0%

      Champion: 0%

      Conditional: 0%

      Neutral: 0%

      Opposed: 100%

Round 3 suggestions to weaken this actor who was mostly seen as opposed:

      "Cut sources of finance and weapons. Take back territory they control. They have to be fought ideologically too, with a stronger one." (238431)

Importance of Fath al-Sham in the life of Syria

Round 3 statements (Nov. 2016 - July 2017):

   "Al-Qaeda affiliate that has lost a lot of relevance.” (239312)

    "One of the most formidable radical groups in Syria. They know how to radicalize people. They are difficult to negotiate with. They rank right after IS in terms of strength.” (236592)

    "They didn't confront the Syrian people, so it will take longer than ISIL to disappear.” (230784)

   "Not good. Some are good people. Ideology is not good. Better than ISIL by 1000x. They don't assassinate people. They are a big fighting force, especially lately. 90% are Syrian nationals, not foreigners. They don't join because of ideology. They join because they are so vicious in fighting the Assad regime.” (230713)

    "This group is new, only 3 years old. It will disappear. They want to stay to get more support and influence. The more killing they do the more influence they have.” (233881)

    "They fight Assad.” (231211)

    "They are armed.” (238631)

Round 2 statements (Nov. 2016 - July 2017):

   “Part of Al Qaida. Ideological. They want to attract people to their way of thinking. They want an Islamic state ruled by Sharia.”(221641)

   “They are also pro-government. The head (Mohammad Al Jolani) is the former head of Syrian Security. It will not exist long.”(220291)

   “The leader is bad, a part of Al Qaida, but the members are good people.” (221211)

    “They are linked to Al Qaida and have influence with a certain element of Syrian society.” (223911)

   “Largest or 2nd largest non-ISIL, non-Kurd opposition group. Dominant in Idlib. They recruit more effectively than the Free Syrian Army because they have an ideology. (221951)

   “They fight Assad.” (221211)

Round 1 statements (Jan. 2016 - May 2016):

   “[The Free Syrian Army and] Jabhat Al Nusra are filled with outside money and seasoned terrorists.” (2177011)

   “This is not a peasant revolution. 90% of the opposition is extreme hardened, outside terrorists. They force the other 10% to commit atrocities for their own protection.” (217701)